Design And Analysis Of Residential Building Pdf

Analysis of g+30 high rise buildings by using etabs for various frame sections in zone iv and zone v, a pavan kumar reddy, r master praveen kumar, international journal of. classification of building based on occupancy 5. The proposed residential building is to be constructed at s. Site analysis is a preliminary phase of architectural and urban design processes dedicated to the study of the climatic, geographical, historical, legal, and infrastructural context of a specific site. 8MB) 10: Layout (PDF - 1. In this article, a small residential building on a 10m x 15m plot of land has been presented for the purpose of analysis and design. 4 D = 42 kips 1. 11 Seismic Design Categories C through F. 5m and 17m in X -direction. WBDG is a gateway to up-to-date information on integrated 'whole building' design techniques and technologies. 33 Dynamic Analysis Period calculations of structure Base shear calculations Analysis of building subjected to. Ali İhsan Ünay May 2008, 204 Pages The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate that it is possible to design earthquake resistant residential structures without significant compromises in the spatial quality and economic viability of the building. PV array output was normalized to a kilowatt-hour per square foot performance that could then be extrapolated to the available open roof area. 1, 2 and 3) CABO/ANSI A117. To show how this is done, a simplified architectural floor plans, elevations, and section, for a residential two storey building have been presented for the purpose of structural analysis and design (see the pictures below). At some point, forensic engineers began to use results of published elevation. The design analysis is based on a conventional gravity wall analysis in which the wall and soil encapsulated by the crib units is assumed to act as a rigid block. RESIDENTIAL CODE MANUAL COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS BUILDING AND SAFETY DIVISION Based on the 2011 LACRC #1014 R404. Design Basics. PMC holds the largest modular construction market share and is the fastest-growing segment of the market. By admin; On Nov 18, 2019 2 Comments In 27X53 Residential Floor Plan with Project Files Search. Require NIZ projects to preserve/ restore historic architectural features in historic building overlay L7. Austin 512-298-3360. A design study of a 5-storey residential building constructed over a ground floor retail or commercial space and with below ground car parking is illustrated. In this article, a small residential building on a 10m x 15m plot of land has been presented for the purpose of analysis and design. pg 18-10 – plumbing design manual november 2014 revised may 1, 2018. To estimate the performance of the arrays across the United States, six. m: No Of Storey: G+5: Shape of the Building:. This chapter of the DCP applies to all residential zoned land within the City of Wollongong Local Government Area (LGA) including E4 Environmental Living. Green building introduced the concept of sustainability into the design, construction, operation The analysis consisted of the following general steps: 16 This analysis also provides a method for scaling-up The analysis did not attempt to assess the effects of unit- or site-level changes in residential. CASE STUDY ON A RESIDENTIAL BUILDING PROJECT A. Discover why the majority of U. Policy Positions 2. 6 Input window of floor load generator. A hypothetical building is assumed for seismic analysis that consists of a G+44+terrace R. Cantilever timber pole walls are probably the most commonly used form of retaining wall for residential purposes. The purpose of the Building Code is to establish the minimum. More experienced engineers may be responsible for the structural design and integrity of an entire system, such as a. INTRODUCTION Now a days due to overpopulation and high cost of land, multi-storied building is more essential for metropolitan city. residential use and eluded high rise structures[8]. in-building ECS Section 24. 2 MB, About PDF), published by the Building Design and Construction magazine, also contains a brief history of green building on pages 4-6. We are delighted to announce the arrival of PDF Drive Premium with unlimited cloud space and exclusive experiences. Flat Slab Analysis and Design PDF Flat Slab Design PDF 1. This Technical Note covers the design of concrete floor systems for vibration, with an emphasis on simple and expeditious first estimates for a floor’s vibration response. These involve Staad Modeling, Analysis the members due to the effect of Wind & Seismic load & Compare them for a 33 meter height Building with Concrete & Steel construction. residential building. Design of residential apartments. The sample information below is from a residential construction flow chart which shows an optimized 90-day build schedule. Applying gravity loads and different load combinations as per Indian codal provision. However their main focus over the years was and still is residential property developments. Here's another one! Calculations broken down, first by zone, and then room-by-room. 7 percent (±1. The image below shows a cross-section of our simple 12' X 13' house from the joist span tables section of this tutorial. Please send emails to: [email protected] The Aim of present study “Analysis and design of high rise building by staad pro 2008” is to define proper technique for creating Geometry, cross sections for column and beam etc, developing specification and supports conditions, types of Loads and load. Designing and Planning of Auditorium. addenda, and is UAD and MISMO XML Compliant, AI Ready™, HotSPOT™ Certified, and Adobe� Acrobat� PDF writer compatible. This paper describes a rational, simplified procedure for lateral design of post-frame buildings that conservatively ignores the contribution of frames to the lateral building stiffness, does not require costly computer. Report this link. 2016 nycecc tabular analysis. The Egyptian Pyramids, one among the. METHOD Reference building The sensitivity analysis is performed on a four-storey office building north-south oriented, intended to be representative of a typical European medium sized office. The purpose of the site analysis is to describe and graphically represent: • the key influences on the proposed design; and. Single tenant /multiple uses: -e. I am looking for someone who can do a structural analysis and design for a residential project. Relevant local plan policy UD01 – High quality building design & local context UD02 – Building layout, form & positioning UD04 – Energy efficiency UD06 – Landscape design SPA06 – Residential development in the city centre. These recommendations were provided for each opaque element of the envelope such as walls, windows, roof, etc. Construction and upgrading of paved roads: This typically entails the upgrad - ing of gravel roads to paved standard, or the addition of lanes to existing paved roads. A bank building with parking, restaurants, retail outlets and facilities open to public. To properly study the energy usage of the Athenaeum the Historical Value Adding Consultants created a building energy model. known as the 2015 International Building Code portion of the 2018 Connecticut State Building Code. The houses sold index incorporates the value of the land and is available quarterly at the national level and annually by region. Special methods used for each structure is emphasized and explained in detai Fully revised state-of-the-art guide to designing wood structures. BUILDING CODE MANUAL Page 4 of 5 9. Unexpected repairs should still be anticipated. Located in Manhattan’s West Chelsea District, HL23 creates a new 14-story, 42,395-sf ultra-luxury residential building. The image below shows a cross-section of our simple 12' X 13' house from the joist span tables section of this tutorial. This includes coverage of lateral stability and second order analysis, illustrated through a four-story braced-frame and moment-frame building. Carvalho, M. 6MB) 2: Learnability (PDF - 2. Whole Building Design Approach for Residential Design The Whole Building Design Approach encourages integration and optimization among all building measures. The following illustrations show a comparison of conventional design versus a design that incorporates planning principles and consideration for the natural site features. The function of risk ranking is to know that the highest risk have to be given treatment first before the others. (See Standards for Cold-Formed Steel Framing table. Learn more about a few exciting jobs for creative people like you. PMC holds the largest modular construction market share and is the fastest-growing segment of the market. He has authored many book and articles including. The concrete shall meet American Concrete Institute (ACI) and the American Society of Testing and materials (ASTM) specifications for the formulation, placement, and curing of the concrete. Qaiseruz Zaman Khan's 2010paper Response spectrum analysis of 20 story building has been conferred in detail and comparison of static and dynamic analysis and design results of buildings up to 400 feet height (40story) in relations of. The MasterSeries Building Design Suite can be customised to suit the range of analysis and design options that are relevant to your business. The geometry of a space is composed of a few simple basic volumes of any number and at every scale. This report concentrates on the residential subdivision, which represents the bulk of. The total infiltration for a building can be calculated by aggregating the component infiltration rates. Location and Depth of Building Sewer (or Sewage System for On-Site Facilities) f. The cost of operating, maintaining, and using the item is added to the purchase price. Hence revisions are done depend upon the the result given by the analysis Also after proving the credibility of ETABS b materials in ETABS, and the necessary steps taken below. Design of Reinforced Concrete Beams 47 0. Enhance the identity and quality of the Notting Hill Gate area. Become a designer or draftsperson and apply for a Low Rise or Medium Rise Building Design In this course you will learn specialist skills in building design for residential and small-scale zoning, and analysis of requirements in relation to client preferences and prospective design proposals. air quality, and building durability. The occupant load of any space shall include the occupant load of all spaces that discharge through it in order to gain access to an exit. The building will feature an elevator for easy access as well as a staircase. Shear wall section and assumed reinforcement is investigated after analysis to verify suitability for the applied loads. Structural Design software - over 190 building design spreadsheets. 4 Project teams shall consider all stages of the building’s lifecycle, including deconstruction. Conduct proforma analysis of sample NIZ projects to determine potential to. The whole property, 3-3 4150. 4 Wide-area MNS 24. Total parking and roadway area is equivalent to approximately 36% of the metro's total land area (10% parking and 26% roadway). Building Permit Application & Declarations; CAD Tools and Templates; Checklist; Code Amendments; Code Enforcement Drawings; Commercial Energy Code Related Material; Construction Specifications; Contractors Lists; Current Code Amendments; Easement Reverter Procedures; Engineering Design Standards; Engineering Drawings; Example Plan Drawings. Department of Building Energetics and Services, www. Stochastic Load Analysis DDS 310-1 Rev i provides guidance for conducting stochastic load analysis. In the industry we use STAAD to model and analyse the building, and then design the individual structural members in Excel. WSDOT Geotechnical Design Manual M 46-03. 9 Creative careers in the design field. Manual Design of Beam and Raft Foundation to Eurocode 2 [PDF] References Ubani O. Commercial buildings The ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90. The site selected for the study is a residential Hostel Building with large space available on rooftop area (roughly 1065 m 2). Coursework should include classes in interior design, drawing, and computer-aided design (CAD). Shear wall section and assumed reinforcement is investigated after analysis to verify suitability for the applied loads. 2015 IEBC (Existing Building) 2015 IRC (Residential) 2015 IMC (Mechanical) 2015 IPC (Plumbing) 2015 IFGC (Fuel & Gas) 2015 IECC (Energy) 2017 National Electrical Code (or NEC version currently adopted by the State of Colorado) July 2019 Version: This document includes the 6 th set of amendments to the 2016 Denver Building and Fire Code. Examples of activities and knowledge comprised within this level are: • Preparation of a BIM execution plan • Design and implementation of a BIM management process • Analysis of comparative BIM solutions • Maintenance of an information model. Considered relevant, therefore, are urban intensification or change-in-use projects beyond, say, an urban block in scale in addition to projects for green field sites. As an architect I get a lot of clients who are confused about how to determine the buildable floor area according to NYC Zoning for mixed use building design. 9 Thermal strain. Approval of drawings & estimates from Client. Design of a Residential Building by Vinay Shrivastava 35947 views. A 2003 analysis, conducted on behalf of California’s Sustainable Building Task Force, of 25 office buildings and eight schools seeking certification through the LEED green building rating system found a small cost premium associated with completing the steps necessary for basic levels of certification, with a more substantial cost premium for. pdf: Lecture 14: Optimized Implementation of Logic Functions: Multilevel Synthesis and Analysis: LECT14. Standard 90. 5Primary load cases 4. nagar, Puliyangudi. The goal of residential building design is to meet people's daily life needs, so the form of residential buildings is basically the same. This chapter provides the design guidelines that apply. This paper expands upon prior works to identify the key sustainability metrics for residential wall systems that designers, builders and homeowners can use. Another aspect of being a landscape contractor is estimating. Example (2):In gym building, usually there are increased live loads at morning and evening time, but smaller loads in the afternoon time as people will be at work. framed building is done on the ETABS software for analysis. Residential layouts are commonly designed in an iterative trial-and-error pro-cess that requires signicant expertise (Section 3). , 2016 Design Data f c’ = 3,000 psi normal weight concrete f y = 60,000 psi. Department of Building Energetics and Services, www. Step 2 Design forces Draw panel of slab and indicate maximum design moments, shears and in-. 1 Residential Housing Construction 11 1. Simulation Weather Summary : Provides a statistical summary of the hourly weather data used for energy simulations. SBEED uses the original SOLAR-5 computation engine. 15- storeys R. The demands placed on the power supply of a modern skyscraper are constantly increasing. 2 Elevation of the G+4 storey building 4. The Aim of present study “Analysis and design of high rise building by staad pro 2008” is to define proper technique for creating Geometry, cross sections for column and beam etc, developing specification and supports conditions, types of Loads and load. Description of Project 2. The purpose of the site analysis is to describe and graphically represent: • the key influences on the proposed design; and. ISBN 978-92-9092-957-4 (Print), 978-92-9092-958-1 (PDF) Publication Stock No. The Interior Design solutions for ConceptDraw DIAGRAM allow you simply and quickly create the professional looking Building Plans that will help you to design, redesign your room, flat, home, office, cafe or any other building. 1 Description of the Test Structures The one-story one-sixth scale reinforced concrete test structure selected is intended to represent the lower part of multistory building. In addition, the engineer is referred to the applicable design standards for symbol definitions and additional guidance since the intent of this course is to provide only information in the efficient design of residential foundations. The following report describes the rationale used to zero-in on this investment opportunity and provides a comprehensive analysis to determine its feasibility. Frankly, blending of all these aspects together creates a beautiful landscape. The design methods used in STAAD Pro analysis are Limit State Design conforming to Indian Standard Code of Practice. Design the ducts. ) Residential Conventional Construction Builders can design one- and two-story structures without the. Detailed investigation must be carried out to identify the cause(s) which must be removed or rectified before the cracks are repaired iv. Hyde}, year={2000} } R. ( a) Contributors to Ductility in Reinforced Concrete Buildings. Object-Oriented Analysis & Design 1 A Brief History The object-oriented paradigm took its shape from the initial concept of a new programming approach, while the interest in design and analysis methods came much later. 11 Seismic Design Categories C through F. Site Analysis for Construction. Many of the cement plaster and concrete block house layout options were inspired by the Prairie School designs made popular by Frank Lloyd Wright and his. Become a designer or draftsperson and apply for a Low Rise or Medium Rise Building Design In this course you will learn specialist skills in building design for residential and small-scale zoning, and analysis of requirements in relation to client preferences and prospective design proposals. By Type Analysis. “Design” is defined as “the planned arrangement of elements to form a visual pattern” in David Laurer’s. The aim of the Design Objectives is to increase the supply of sustainable housing in the private sector. It is important to note that many green building programs also help foster this balance by requiring mandatory attention to all principles, not just one area. building shall be assumed to be openings unless such glazing is impact resistant or protected with an impact resistant covering meeting the requirements of: • SSTD 12 • ASTM E 1886 and ASTM E 1996 or • Miami-Dade PA 201, 202, and 203 2. – elaborated in details like those of the. Residential uses are permitted in six land use designations as iden-tified on the Southeast Orlando Master Plan Map: Town Center, Village Center, Neighborhood Center, Residential Center, Residen-tial Neighborhood, and Airport Support District-Medium Inten-sity. loads • TRANSFORMER (230 - 12 V AC) • RECTIFIER AND FILTER • VOLTAGE REGULATOR (LM 7805) • LM358 OP-AMP • MICROCONTROLLER (AT89S52/AT89C51). The Offi ce of Design & Construction Management strives to support and enhance the environment for teaching, research, and support facilities at the University of Kansas by delivering buildings and other campus infrastructure that are functional, aesthetically. Residential Design Conclusions •This presentation was intended for a simple overview of the loading and design of residential homes •When structural elements are in question, please contact a registered professional engineer to determine its integrity and safety •Please refer to our other presentations for. It is fully automated and packed with unique features to help you create optimized concrete and steel designs. This was for an ADU built in Portland, Oregon. The function of risk ranking is to know that the highest risk have to be given treatment first before the others. Each of the ten building con gurations was evaluated for all combinations. design procedure, as in capacity design, along with a set of detailing rules, which will ensure some degree of ductility and energy dissipation capacity. Comprehensive design package for bidding and construction administration Lower inspection, testing and maintenance costs Water conservation and corrosion prevention for sprinkler systems BIM CCI is a leader in developing fire protection systems design using Building Information Modeling (BIM). Latest Update Design Story - Nailbox Salon by Indian Story Studio Architectural Case Study by IndianStory Studio. The plan of the building is irregular in nature but considered as it is regular for easy analysis. Even though most municipalities (58 altogether) do have a system of granting building permits, there is no. 9) consists of columns built monolithically forming a network. Enforce the ductility requirements of the selected design code in element proportioning and detailing. Using ACI 318-14 code and provisions. The slab is without drops and is supported internally and on the external long sides by square columns. design strategies and failure causes that could help prevent latent defects from poor design decision. because they are in the building code it may be up to the builder to know what they are and to communicate them to the subs for a given project. A comprehensive summary and critique of recent evidence on the causes of black-white residential segregation concludes that although racial prejudice and racial differences in homebuyers’ income. The high demand for green design spurs from a The project will include two building designs complete with design drawings, calculations, and cost analyses. The client reviews these documents and, upon the client’s written approval, construction documentation begins. Lateral engineering only required not prescriptive. pdf: Lecture 14: Optimized Implementation of Logic Functions: Multilevel Synthesis and Analysis: LECT14. PURPOSE The Multi-family Residential Design Guidelines provide guidance for achieving high-quality residential design in unincorporated areas of Regardless of location, a building wall's height should gen-erally not be less than one-fourth of the width of the street environment or community open space. 8 respectively); (e) Criteria for dynamic analysis for tall building under wind loads are added (Clause 7. be permitted to comply with the Residential Code listed in Section 101. Multi-storied Residential building is the perfect. List of all codes used on this project that the year version of each code. i considered the following sizes of RCC member & reinforcement 1) plinth area 6m x 7 m ,01BHK at ground floor & 01 bhk at 1st floor, floor height -floor top to slab top 3. Confidentiality of Data, Information, Findings and Reports. Buildingplanner will provide variety of options to choose best structural plan for your dream home. The vertical. Select load combination from ASCE 7-05 Section 2. air quality, and building durability. WBDG is a gateway to up-to-date information on integrated 'whole building' design techniques and technologies. The water supply system design submittal shall include the following: a) Specify the proposed method for water design (Chapter 6 or Appendix A). Typical design details will be developed during this time. 1 The Owner (Client) 14 1. Structural engineering required due to complexity. The design is done by taking in to account the requirements and standards recommended by IS code, Kerala building rules and national building rules. He is the firm’s in-house foundation design specialist, and has experience designing a number of building types including high-rise residential towers, healthcare, and. Through bringing together those who design, develop, finance, incentivize, and live and work in green buildings, EDGE unlocks collaboration and provides a new paradigm for the future. A site analysis and feasibility study is the analysis of a property to determine its best use, based on your goals, local regulations and codes, and economic viability. ANALYSIS OF EXISTING SITUATION To date, most residential buildings (even in urban areas of Nepal) do not receive any rational design for strength. Building standards have evolved for decades in the United States, along with codes for electrical and mechanical systems. They are the building blocks used to create a work of art. 301 certified writers online. 7 In-building fire EVACS 24. The design is made using software on structural analysis design (STAAD Pro). , Department of Architecture, Building Science Supervisor: Prof. Structural Analysis and Design of Commercial cum Residential Building 1 2. 0 Urban Design Strategy. The program seeks to decrease building energy use through research that will develop or improve energy-efficient technologies, strategies, tools, and building performance evaluation methods. • 1‐1/2” or 2” service is desirable from a fire sprinkler design perspective. • Analysis and design is done with the aid of Staad. This master’s thesis is a study of how design choices affect high-rise building performance and how the design process can be adapted to incorporate information about different design aspects at an early conceptual design phase. The factors that determine building project and its cost are as follows; • The purpose and functions for which the building is intended. Flat Slab Analysis and Design PDF Flat Slab Design PDF 1. Analysis & Design of a Residential Villa. Green building introduced the concept of sustainability into the design, construction, operation The analysis consisted of the following general steps: 16 This analysis also provides a method for scaling-up The analysis did not attempt to assess the effects of unit- or site-level changes in residential. (PDF, 168KB). The soil conditions are medium stiff and the entire building is supported on a raft foundation. Design and analysis of multi-storied Commercial building. 5 Mn in 2018 and accounted. Building with an Aspect Ratio greater than 7 • Buildings taller than 7 stories where one structural member supports more than 15% of the aggregate building area • Buildings designed using non ‐ linear time history analysis or utilizing special seismic energy dissipation systems (Base Isolation or Dampers). Figure 3-1: Proposed Structural System fir Steel Buildings. IS 456-2000 clause suggests the relative stiffness of the members may be based on the. Estimating building costs for the residential & light commercial construction professional. This paper expands upon prior works to identify the key sustainability metrics for residential wall systems that designers, builders and homeowners can use. 2 LIFE-CYCLE COST ANALYSIS 2. Based on analysis of 46 completed building projects in the UK, Akinsola et al (1997) identified and. 1 Description of the Test Structures The one-story one-sixth scale reinforced concrete test structure selected is intended to represent the lower part of multistory building. Relevant District Plan rules for the underlying zoning will. Structural engineering required due to complexity. Pro, Orion, and Manual To show how this is done, simplified architectural floor plans, elevations, and sections, for a residential two-storey building have been shown below for the purpose of structural. Saves 40%+ design time and 7%+ energy use. Department of Building Energetics and Services, www. Good orientation, together with thermal mass and the right glazing and insulation, can cut the heating requirements in a house by half or more, reducing energy costs and greenhouse gas emissions. Faced with a building code that dictates a 42-inch limit on planting, I will make it a point of honor to go higher. 5/01/20 - Final annual estimates for 2019 of housing units authorized by building permits for the U. These residential dwellings may include single-units, manufactured housing, such as mobile. 3D modeling, analysis and design software for multi-storey buildings. Occupancy Group(s) - Type(s) a. Older buildings like this one at Hamilton Street and 6th Street could be well suited for conversion to residential lofts. It focuses on building form, layout, functionality, landscape design, environmental performance and residential amenity. Detailed design (sometimes referred to as design development or detailed design and technical design) takes on and develops the approved concept design. Faced with a building code that dictates a 42-inch limit on planting, I will make it a point of honor to go higher. Not all improvements will be identified during this inspection. standards and promoting sustainable building design and construction. This Analysis of Changes for the 6th Edition (2017) of the Florida Codes is intended to provide a comprehensive comparison of the provisions in the 5 th Edition (2014) Florida Building Code, Residential (FBCR) and the 6 th Edition (2017) Florida Building Code, Residential. A hypothetical building is assumed for seismic analysis that consists of a G+44+terrace R. PV array output was normalized to a kilowatt-hour per square foot performance that could then be extrapolated to the available open roof area. Refers to an operator or a person employed in a residential facility who spends seventy five percent (75%) or more of their time at a residential facility providing for the direct care of residents. Site Selection. The report also identifies instructions required from the client. the necessary building and construction materials being available and delivered timeously, and at an appropriate price and quality, these infrastructure delivery programmes could well falter. A bank building with parking, restaurants, retail outlets and facilities open to public. It is part of the process of structural design, earthquake engineering or structural assessment and retrofit (see structural engineering) in regions where earthquakes are prevalent. Our 3D structural engineering analysis and design software enables engineers to analyze, design, and detail structures regardless of geometric complexity, material type, loading conditions, nonlinear effects, or design code requirements. Design Rationale SK P200; NTS. Located in New York’s Financial District, 77 Greenwich, a 42-story high rise with 89 condo units, mixes retail, education, and residential programming. These apply not only to the building enclosure but also to the other physical components of the building. It covers all the aspects of the software in full depth. 3 Industrial 2. The ordinance applies to single family homes, including townhomes, and low-rise multifamily residential projects less than or equal to three stories. [4] Divya kmath, K. residential use and eluded high rise structures[8]. It is important to note that many green building programs also help foster this balance by requiring mandatory attention to all principles, not just one area. PV array output was normalized to a kilowatt-hour per square foot performance that could then be extrapolated to the available open roof area. Context Analysis 34 PART B2 BUILDING ENVELOPE 35 B2. ISBN 978-92-9092-957-4 (Print), 978-92-9092-958-1 (PDF) Publication Stock No. مقالات مشابهة. We will write a custom Term Paper on Building a Residential House – Risk Management Plan specifically for you for only $16. 4 specifies that “retaining walls … shall be designed to ensure. Topics covered include: MOS device models including Deep Sub-Micron effects; circuit design styles for logic, arithmetic and sequential blocks; estimation and minimization of energy consumption; interconnect models and parasitics; device sizing and logical effort; timing issues (clock skew and jitter) and. 1 Residential 2. Financial Analysis and Appraisal of Projects Chapter 3, Page 4 of 43 characteristics of FIs a separate checklist is proposed. Using ACI 318-14 code and provisions. Analysis of Rates for Building Works Following points are considered while preparing analysis of rates: 1. proactive measure to improve residential amenity and to underpin the use of other transport methods. 2015 IEBC (Existing Building) 2015 IRC (Residential) 2015 IMC (Mechanical) 2015 IPC (Plumbing) 2015 IFGC (Fuel & Gas) 2015 IECC (Energy) 2017 National Electrical Code (or NEC version currently adopted by the State of Colorado) July 2019 Version: This document includes the 6 th set of amendments to the 2016 Denver Building and Fire Code. This course teaches you how to use ETABS software for structural analysis and design of residential building. Part III addresses aspects of design that are linked to the performance of a building as a whole. registered design professional or other approved entity not affiliated with the building design or construction in conducting the review of the plans and specifications for compliance with the code. The changes aim to support the residential building industry, local governments, and homeowners by streamlining approval processes, reducing unnecessary red-tape for low to medium density housing projects, and improving design and liveability. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 2013. Engineers turn to IES for structural analysis and design of frames, trusses, buildings, and more. The following structural codes and specifications shall be used in the structural analysis and design of the reinforced concrete special moment resisting 3 Storey school building structure. Building Permit Application & Declarations; CAD Tools and Templates; Checklist; Code Amendments; Code Enforcement Drawings; Commercial Energy Code Related Material; Construction Specifications; Contractors Lists; Current Code Amendments; Easement Reverter Procedures; Engineering Design Standards; Engineering Drawings; Example Plan Drawings. The design stage itself can be broken down into different approaches. It includes a new 450-seat public grade school, a portion of which will occupy the renovated Dickey House (bottom right in rendering), one of five Federalist-era row houses remaining in Lower. A bank building with parking, restaurants, retail outlets and facilities open to public. The USC School of Architecture is Southern California’s oldest architecture school and the only architecture school connected to a private research-1 university on the West Coast. The Financial Analysis. nagar, Puliyangudi. CASE STUDY ON A RESIDENTIAL BUILDING PROJECT A. documents for the whole building have been submitted. planning analysis and design of a residential building Residential Area Rules, including some small scale infill housing. 675 IAC 13-1: Fire and Building Safety Standards (See NFPA list below) 675 IAC 13-2. They implemented a sensitivity analysis to identify the most influential of several early-stage design parameters --including building form, window-to-wall ratio, window shading, and others --considering a range of design options for each parameter. Required flow rates are defined based on a “Fixture Count” method that is determined after appropriate research and analysis of controlling. The most comprehensive guide to material selection installation It takes a wise choice of building materials and details to create durable, attractive, and affordable custom homes and remodeling projects. In steel Building structure design follows IS:800-2007, IS 875 Part 1 & 2. The main objective of this project is to analyze and design a multi-story building (3D-dimensional reinforce concrete frame), the design of reinforced concrete slabs, beams, columns, footings and. For complex For complex projects, a more comprehensive analysis should be provided on the drawing title sheet or fixed to the drawings. 000 ---- Single Family House ( 5/8" meter ) each 1. Your contribution will go a long way in helping us serve more readers. ICC Digital Codes is the largest provider of model codes, custom codes and standards used worldwide to construct safe, sustainable, affordable and resilient structures. The most logical location from the building physics perspective is to locate the insulation on the outside as in a commercial institutional wall assembly. Interested in interior design courses? Why not study a Bachelor of Residential Interior Design with Torrens? Download PDF. NETWORK NEEDS ANALYSIS Data Types. You can download the PDF of this wonderful tutorial by paying a nominal price of $9. Analysis of Unit Costs and Cost Overruns of Road Infrastructure Projects in Africa the original design standard, including structural repairs; and 4. Scuderi, G. Single Occupancy b. It covers all the aspects of the software in full depth. Programming is when the client provides the architect with a list of what spaces are going into the building. Knowing soil types, temperatures for a given location, how to read design plans, and types of irrigation allows the design phase of a project to run smoothly. Example (2):In gym building, usually there are increased live loads at morning and evening time, but smaller loads in the afternoon time as people will be at work. 3: Indiana Building Code, 1998 Edition (1997 UBC, Vol. Stochastic Load Analysis DDS 310-1 Rev i provides guidance for conducting stochastic load analysis. The configuration of a grid-connected solar PV system is shown in Figure 2. From model generation, analysis and design to visualization and result verification. rectangular building with a 2 ft. These apply not only to the building enclosure but also to the other physical components of the building. ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF G+3 RESIDENTIAL BUILDING A project report is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Award of the degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY in CIVIL ENGINEERING Submitted by SHAIK MAHAMMAD (R092251) Under the esteemed guidance of A. Rasheed PDF Free Download. Hence revisions are done depend upon the the result given by the analysis Also after proving the credibility of ETABS b materials in ETABS, and the necessary steps taken below. 3]; Indicate the proposed elevation of the bottom of the lowest horizontal structural member of the lowest floor,. *ere, (e are going to briefly present some. Project #LDA – 1203 I Abstract The purpose of this Major Qualifying Project was to analyze and design a structural system for an illustrative commercial building in Worcester, Massachusetts. The factors that determine building project and its cost are as follows; • The purpose and functions for which the building is intended. The building will feature an elevator for easy access as well as a staircase. , in ordinary soil including disposal up to 30m (100’) and lift of 1. IT Park, Medical office building, Residential use. The building prototype has long historical roots and. In addition, HAP's 8760 hour energy modeling capabilities are useful for green building design. Construction Type 5. in Public Administration from American University in Washington, DC. The Financial Analysis. Three-dimensional structural software for the analysis and design of building systems. This paper expands upon prior works to identify the key sustainability metrics for residential wall systems that designers, builders and homeowners can use. 3 STEP-BY-STEP DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR SLABS Step 1 Analysis Carry out analysis (follow Section 3. The analysis and design of a multiple residential building, seismically protected by a base isolation system incorporating double friction pendulum sliders as protective devices, are presented in the paper. FOUNDATION ANALYSES Section I. 4 Article 1 10-25-12 Page 1 of 7 DESIGN OF RETAINING WALLS ISSUE: Residential Code Section R404. Short Description. Life-Cycle Cost Analysis for Buildings Is Easier Than You Thought. analysis of a residential building, especially for places in high seismic zones. 4 Infrastructure and Heavy Construction 13 1. Minimum Uniformly distributed Live Loads for Building Design: 40 PSF for Residential dwellings, appartments, hotel rooms, school classrooms 50 PSF for Offices 60 PSF for Auditoriums with fixed seats 73 – 100 PSF for Retail Stores (For others see ASCE 7) For influence area, A. documents for the whole building have been submitted. The program seeks to decrease building energy use through research that will develop or improve energy-efficient technologies, strategies, tools, and building performance evaluation methods. 1/ASCE 6/TMS 602-92). It is worth noting that the design of a space conditioning system is an iterative process. Local building officials will also have site specific requirements for certain live loads such as for anticipated snow fall. Two commonly applied delivery methods n i public and private projects are design-bid-build (DBB) and design/build (DB). We at Nakshewala. Building Codes and Standards. SBEED Page. 3 Prediction model for residential buildings in Catalonia 30 IV CHALMERS , Civil and Environmental Engineering , Master’s Thesis 2011: 1616. 3 Member load configuration 4. Location and Depth of Building Sewer (or Sewage System for On-Site Facilities) f. The report also identifies instructions required from the client. A comprehensive summary and critique of recent evidence on the causes of black-white residential segregation concludes that although racial prejudice and racial differences in homebuyers’ income. Common building regulations relate to how far the structure is from the property line, the height of the building, or even the appearance. Equivalent static analysis and response spectrum analysis are the methods used in structural seismic analysis. WIND LOAD CALCULATION: According to IS CODE (875 PART 3), Vz =Vb×K1×K2×K3 Where Vz=design wind speed at a height z meter in m/s. 1 Provide a transition in its form and massing to lower-density building forms. BC Housing provides Residential construction reports and research including the latest information on new technologies and good building practices, from Builder Insight bulletins and Maintenance Matters to in-depth studies and analysis. building envelope’s ability to protect interior space; it is a principle cause of deterioration in building envelope systems, and it is no different in brick masonry exterior walls. Although city planning as an organized profession has existed for less than a century, all cities display various degrees of forethought and conscious design in their layout and functioning. 2011 OREGON RESIDENTIAL SPECIALTY CODE 3-3 BUILDING PLANNING TABLE R301. With good design, the property's parts will be in harmony (each part with all the other parts). Department of Energy (DOE) participates in the development of residential building codes and standards to foster increased efficiency in new and existing homes and low-rise residential buildings by incorporating cost-effective energy efficiency measures. Feasibility studies are preliminary studies undertaken in the very early stage of a project. residential building. Download free Civil Engineering Pdf Books and training materials. The PMC module can be retrofitted to the existing building or can be delivered as a turn-key solution with time and cost-efficiency. For this purpose, urban design The explanation of diversified connection spaces in high-rise residential blocks will be hold. The traditional building will be. The Active Design Guidelines address those responsible for the planning and construction of buildings, streets, and neighborhoods. 3MB) 7: Task analysis (PDF - 1. becomes higher and in case of 30 floors, the cost of flat would. Proposed Design Value. 6 Input window of floor load generator. Pursuant to sections 29-252a and 29-253 of the Connecticut General Statutes, respectively, this code shall be the building code for all towns, cities and boroughs and all state agencies. It’s considered to be one of the major loads in the design. Instantaneous changes up/downstream. IT Park, Medical office building, Residential use. Line is a mark with greater length than. Special methods used for each structure is emphasized and explained in detai Fully revised state-of-the-art guide to designing wood structures. 3 Member load configuration 4. Instructional Material Complementing FEMA 451, Design Examples Seismic Load Analysis 9 - 17 1a, 1b) Stiffness (Soft Story) Irregularity Vertical Structural Irregularities Irregularity (1a) exists if stiffness of any story is less than 70% of the stiffness of the story above or less than 80% of the average stiffness of the three stories above. The image below shows a cross-section of our simple 12' X 13' house from the joist span tables section of this tutorial. 1 - Opening Protection: Openings between the garage and residence shall. Construction Documents (CD): The designer/architect works on documents that will eventually be submitted to the local jurisdiction for building. Refer to the NY State Residential Code for complete details (Residential Code R311. Both of them consume electricity. 1: Typical Load Combinations Used for the Design of Components and Systems. 2 Combined Footing. Discover why the majority of U. Unlike general purpose structural analysis program, Orion is concentrated on accurate analysis, fast data preparation, automated reinforced concrete design, and. Look up Live Load from ASCE 7-05 Table 4-1 on page 12. In order to gain an additional story for multi-level wood-framed buildings, architects and engineers are increasingly turning to podium or pedestal design rather than building directly on a concrete slab on grade. Residential uses are permitted in six land use designations as iden-tified on the Southeast Orlando Master Plan Map: Town Center, Village Center, Neighborhood Center, Residential Center, Residen-tial Neighborhood, and Airport Support District-Medium Inten-sity. Super Highrise Building Technology Super highrise buildings are supported by advanced structural analysis techniques and. Merchandising is 0. The journal publishes a wide range of innovative research and application papers which describe. the analysis and design of primary structural system. Projects within the Fire Risk Reduction in Communities Program seek (through laboratory experiments, field measurements, and. 3 inputs (load kVA, load type, & number of poles) for 300 NEC compliant outputs. 105 - NHKCSP Doc 01DAS. ( a) Contributors to Ductility in Reinforced Concrete Buildings. Mixed Occupancy i. As an architect I get a lot of clients who are confused about how to determine the buildable floor area according to NYC Zoning for mixed use building design. “Design” is defined as “the planned arrangement of elements to form a visual pattern” in David Laurer’s. In the context of this research, a conceptual generic base case model was constructed as a hypothetical building compiled from extensive statistical data based on the findings of a qualitative and quantitative analysis of 12 residential buildings in Jeddah, Dubai and Abu Dhabi. The plan of the building is irregular in nature but considered as it is regular for easy analysis. The objective is to determine whether a floor meets the serviceability requirements for vibration using conservative values, or whether a more detailed analysis is warranted. 3 Generation of member property 4. Building Research Establishment. With sustainability becoming more recognized and desirable by homeowners, designers need to have better metrics to make solutions possible. Obviously, it would be ideal to test a multistory, multi-bay building structure. hmin = (inner perimeter of slab panel)/180 ≥ 90 mm. SBEED Page. The water supply system design submittal shall include the following: a) Specify the proposed method for water design (Chapter 6 or Appendix A). Building Permit Application & Declarations; CAD Tools and Templates; Checklist; Code Amendments; Code Enforcement Drawings; Commercial Energy Code Related Material; Construction Specifications; Contractors Lists; Current Code Amendments; Easement Reverter Procedures; Engineering Design Standards; Engineering Drawings; Example Plan Drawings. PDF format, and is best printed on 11" x 17" paper so all the detail can be seen. Keywords- Structure Design, ETABS, High Rise Buildings,. Many of the cement plaster and concrete block house layout options were inspired by the Prairie School designs made popular by Frank Lloyd Wright and his. Following the used procedure and for the. The Interior Design solutions for ConceptDraw DIAGRAM allow you simply and quickly create the professional looking Building Plans that will help you to design, redesign your room, flat, home, office, cafe or any other building. The designers speak with the client, visit the proposed site, conduct an analysis of its history, research possible uses, and, depending upon the project type (especially if it’s a public project like. ICC Digital Codes is the largest provider of model codes, custom codes and standards used worldwide to construct safe, sustainable, affordable and resilient structures. Elevation for Multi Storey Residential Buildings. Browse the directory to easily and quickly find trusted service providers and building products. 7 In-building fire EVACS 24. This is a complex analysis that requires computer software that may not be necessary when designing all post-frame buildings. Then according to the specified criteria assigned it analyses the structure and designs the members with reinforcement details for G+7 residential building RCC. Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Analysis and Design A structural reinforced concrete shear wall in a 5-story building provides lateral and gravity load resistance for the applied load as shown in the figure below. Optimal Building Project The goal of any construction project is to obtain an optimal solution to the design problem. Graphic designer. (a) Unlisted occupancies. Analysis of flat sAnalysis of flat sllab. Figure 2: Thermal image of a residential building with minimized thermal bridges and an even temperature distribution along the envelope Figure 1: Thermal image of a residential building with higher temperatures at the windows, doors and balcony slabs. Scuderi, G. The principle objective of this project is to analyse and design a multi-storeyed building [G + 21 (3 dimensional frame)] using STAAD Pro. For a copy of DCA6-09, which is based on the 2009 IRC, click here. 3 Prediction model for residential buildings in Catalonia 30 IV CHALMERS , Civil and Environmental Engineering , Master’s Thesis 2011: 1616. Presuming potential investors are unfamiliar with Santa Cruz, it begins with a macro-level market. Analysing and designing of Residential building(G+1) for worst case of load combination. This was a part of the master study course as a project, in the structural engineering field. Search, find, and connect with the right people to get business done at the right moment. 42 THRU 220. From its 3D object based graphical modeling environment to the wide variety of analysis and design options completely integrated across one powerful user interface, SAP2000 has proven to be the most integrated, productive and practical general purpose structural program on the market today. By locating the insulation layer outward of the structure and outward of the water control layers the foundation is kept at a constant temperature and the insulation system does not interfere. Home Structural Analysis Structural Analysis and Design of Residential Buildings Using Staad. The cost of operating, maintaining, and using the item is added to the purchase price. Structural Analysis and Design. com and House-Building. Shear wall section and assumed reinforcement is investigated after analysis to verify suitability for the applied loads. Stakeholders, demands and design parameters in a high-rise project are studied and described. could add two “stories” to the building. The tenets of the Active Design Guidelines draw on and go beyond the principles of the U. Following the used procedure and for the. Search, find, and connect with the right people to get business done at the right moment. registered design professional or other approved entity not affiliated with the building design or construction in conducting the review of the plans and specifications for compliance with the code. Analysis and design for main block is to be performed. start a basic design. Against the need for a healthy building and construction materials sector, the cidb has developed this report on the building and construction materials. 4 Wide-area MNS 24. , Mechanical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology, 2002 Submitted to the Department of Mechanical Engineering in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of. (Architecture), Associate Professor; Architectural Planning and Design of Architectural. Remember that these requirements generally apply to all residential buildings, but more com-plex mechanical systems typically found in multifamily. Against the need for a healthy building and construction materials sector, the cidb has developed this report on the building and construction materials. The Building Code is a complex and exacting rule book and the technical aspects of many components of the building process are important to get right. 1 Description of the Test Structures The one-story one-sixth scale reinforced concrete test structure selected is intended to represent the lower part of multistory building. 3 Transportation and Utilities 2. , Department of Architecture, Building Science Supervisor: Prof. DESIGN Design is the cohesive element that blends the structural, functional and decorative elements of a property into a whole. Design of composite steel and concrete structures. design procedure, as in capacity design, along with a set of detailing rules, which will ensure some degree of ductility and energy dissipation capacity. The Interior Design solutions for ConceptDraw DIAGRAM allow you simply and quickly create the professional looking Building Plans that will help you to design, redesign your room, flat, home, office, cafe or any other building. 2 LIFE-CYCLE COST ANALYSIS 2. Design and analysis of Multistoried Residential Building. Whole Building Air Leakage Testing - For new Residential buildings, mandatory air leakage testing must be specified to ensure the air leakage rate does not exceed 3 air changes per hour (3 ACH) at 50 Pascals. Building technology that makes “super highrises” and “buildings with big spaces” possible has never been more important. The building in plan (16. Buckling Analysis of Multi-Storey Steel Building with and ?. ICC Digital Codes is the largest provider of model codes, custom codes and standards used worldwide to construct safe, sustainable, affordable and resilient structures. The building is located in Seismic Zone III and is founded on medium type soil. COVID-19 Guidance for Commercial and Residential Buildings The following guidance is for owners/operators of commercial and residential buildings to help reduce the risk of COVID-19 in multi-residential buildings such as hotels, condominiums, apartment buildings and other similar vertical living spaces. The first object–oriented language was Simula (Simulation of real systems) that. And with unsurpassed customization potential, you can create solutions that can fit the needs of any project. It includes foundation and dimensions, framing details, beam & column details, and wall sections which are used as a guide for building the structure. Analysis of Data and Information A. calculating the global thermal insulation coefficient for residential, respectively non-residential buildings and that it influences the result of the annual heating demand. Communication spaces in high-rise residential buildings were analyzed in urban design and architecture scales. 1 The Owner (Client) 14 1. Start a FREE 45-day trial here! Our simple, integrated design & analysis software enables engineers to deliver safe, effective, and rationalized design more quickly, regardless of structural material. The following illustrations show a comparison of conventional design versus a design that incorporates planning principles and consideration for the natural site features. residential building. Society shall cause the ‘Structural Audit’ of the building as follows: For building aging between 15 to 30 years once in 5 years For building aging above 30 years Once in 3 years 3. Warm Climates and the Building. design criteria and design guidance outline how to relate to the immediate context, consider the interface to neighbours and the public domain, achieve quality open spaces and maximise residential amenity. The image below shows a cross-section of our simple 12' X 13' house from the joist span tables section of this tutorial. The basic components of a building structure are the foundation, floors, walls, beams, columns, roof, stair, etc. because they are in the building code it may be up to the builder to know what they are and to communicate them to the subs for a given project. The Institute’s goal is adherence to HANDBOOK provisions as well as to budget and schedule. [email protected] You will find here all are free download and in various formats Strengthening Design of Reinforced Concrete with FRP by Hayder A. excessive movement of the building structure, unwanted ground settlement, serious overloading, weaknesses caused by corrosion/deterioration of materials, or damage by accidents, or poor design/ construction, etc. structural renovation of buildings methods details and design examples Dec 03, 2020 Posted By Ken Follett Media TEXT ID 0702ca37 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library comprehensive overview of the challenges methods and details in building renovation projects the books chapters include focused discussions on steel concrete wood and. documents for the whole building have been submitted. com ar e divisions of Todd, Michael and James, Inc. We at Nakshewala. ICC Digital Codes is the largest provider of model codes, custom codes and standards used worldwide to construct safe, sustainable, affordable and resilient structures. In steel Building structure design follows IS:800-2007, IS 875 Part 1 & 2. Modern Methods and Advances in Structural Engineering and Construction. floor, or building, as the case may be, is designed, or (2) by using the appropriate occupant-area ratios from table 6-2, whichever is larger. Seismic analysis is a subset of structural analysis and is the calculation of the response of a building (or nonbuilding) structure to earthquakes. In the design and analysis of reinforced concrete members, you are presented with a Reinforced concrete is one of the principal building materials used striving to understand seismic behaviour, analysis and design of buildings. Enforce the ductility requirements of the selected design code in element proportioning and detailing. Remember that these requirements generally apply to all residential buildings, but more com-plex mechanical systems typically found in multifamily. IEEE Xplore, delivering full text access to the world's highest quality technical literature in engineering and technology. RAJIV GANDHI PRODYOGIKI VISHWAVIDYALAYA BHOPAL-462036 NRI INSTITUTE OF INFORMATION SCIENCE &TECHNOLOGY, BHOPAL DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING SESSION 2014-2015 PROJECT REPORT ON “DESIGN OF MULTISTORY BUILDING PROVIDING RESIDENCE FOR INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL PURPOSE” GUIDED BY: Prof. the building and is able to design the proper gravi building, the paper deals the analysis E-TABS. The building of cities has a long and complex history. CPD's new International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) checklist is designed to support project teams in navigating complexities of the IECC section of Denver’s 2019 Building and Fire Code, and succeeding in delivering. Floor Space Ratio 39 B2. Designing and Planning of Auditorium. The design professionals analyze the owner’s needs and. @inproceedings{Hyde2000ClimateRD, title={Climate Responsive Design: A Study of Buildings in Moderate and Hot Humid Climates}, author={R. 5 | P a g e Executive Summary This project proposal will explore the highest and best use for a mixed-use development project located at 1200 North Irving Street Arlington, VA 22201 in Clarendon. Estimation of material cost, labor cost & contingencies. The analysis and design of a multiple residential building, seismically protected by a base isolation system incorporating double friction pendulum sliders as protective devices, are presented in the paper. Hyde}, year={2000} } R. Analysis of Changes to the 7th Edition (2020) Florida Building Code Residential, and Existing Building. The building is 158. SAP2000 follows in the same tradition featuring a very sophisticated, intuitive and versatile user interface powered by an unmatched analysis engine and design tools for engineers working on transportation, industrial, public works, sports, and other facilities. Ist Edition, Volume 1. becomes higher and in case of 30 floors, the cost of flat would. departments of transportation, the Federal Highway Authority, national transportation, rail and transit authorities, and global engineering firms choose our road, rail, land development, and civil engineering software. rectangular building with a 2 ft. Merchandising is 0. Ya gotta love it! Here is another one of the many reports available once we have done an hvac design calculation on your home. 1% and energy cost savings of 11. The aim of the Design Objectives is to increase the supply of sustainable housing in the private sector. 5m and 17m in X -direction. another building component, e. i m going to construct residential building G+1RCC structure in village. engineering design relating to constructing, enlarging, altering, or repairing, or drawing plans or specifications for a residential dwelling slab located on expansive soil must be designed with the benefit of a geotechnical investigation unless that requirement is specifically waived by the building official. Most of the building codes reference the use of these trusses and refer to the TPI design specification for additional information and requirements for analysis. Key Words: Residential Building, Staad-pro V8i Analysis, Multi-stories Building, Design and Analysis of Framed Building, NBC. Landscape design differs from other three-dimen­. The building prototype has long historical roots and. Analysis and design for main block is to be performed. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure. Multi-family residential buildings containing more than one dwelling unit are called a duplex or an apartment building. Design of Reinforced Concrete Beams 47 0. We are assuming this is an office building. Risk probability matrix is used as initial analysis to clasified risk factors from the highest until the lowest risk which called risk ranking. principles and design considerations will help reduce environmental impacts and minimize project construction costs. This updated city-wide "Tall Buildings Design Guidelines" document integrates and builds upon these previous studies and guidelines to establish a new, unified set of performance measures for the evaluation of all tall building development applications across the entire city. Keywords: High-rise residential building, spaces of. 2015 IEBC (Existing Building) 2015 IRC (Residential) 2015 IMC (Mechanical) 2015 IPC (Plumbing) 2015 IFGC (Fuel & Gas) 2015 IECC (Energy) 2017 National Electrical Code (or NEC version currently adopted by the State of Colorado) July 2019 Version: This document includes the 6 th set of amendments to the 2016 Denver Building and Fire Code. 2 on page 5. eQUEST was designed to allow you to perform detailed analysis of today’s state-of-the-art building design technologies using today’s most sophisticated building energy use simulation techniques but without requiring extensive experience in the "art" of building performance modeling. 1 Study of architectural and structural drawings, design criteria, design. Line is a mark with greater length than.